It is uncommon to see many houses in the developing countries especially in Africa to dilapidate after a few years from its construction, which consequently causes collapse. In fact, record has it that, 14.76% of houses in Africa collapse after 10years, compared to Europe’s 2.33%. While it is true that many factors which are arguably unprecedented and consequently uncontrollable are responsible for the collapse, it is still true that forecasting measures can be incorporated to prevent grossly this colossal loss of properties.
This forecasting measures include building inspections in developed countries like U.S, England, Italy, Dubai. The building inspection, amongst many other roles, makes sure a building either under construction or already constructed is safe and to a reasonable extent prevented against future shocks. Building inspection is an inspection performed by a building inspector or group of inspectors, (a) person(s) who is employed by either the country, state or township and is usually certified in one or more disciplines qualifying them to make professional judgment about whether a building meets up with building code requirements.
Some building inspection expertise like facade inspections are required by certain cities or countries and considered mandatory. These are to be carried out by engineers and not by contractors. An example of a city that adopted this law is “Quebec” followed by a ghastly incident that happened due to negligence of the state of a facade. These inspections are often included in a contracted building inspection but might not be carefully analyzed and diagnosed like an engineer would.
Most building inspections incorporated by governments are certified by the State or the International Code Council (ICC). These inspections are done to make sure compliance with whatever building, mechanical, electrical, plumbing or specialty codes, such as swimming pool codes, that are being mandated by the regimen in which they work. There are many categories and levels of ICC certified inspectors.
Building inspectors are oftentimes contacted by strata managers or body corporate with storm water design issues, structural design proposals or civil design modifications. In addition, individuals are often required by councils to carry out dilapidation reports and building inspections of adjoining properties and associated council properties both before and after construction, to establish that no damage has happened due to the work carried out.
Additional functions of a Building Inspector often include the assessing of existing structures which have been subjected to physical damage from earthquakes, wind events, floods and fire, as well as investigations involving non-permitted construction.
Consulting engineers constantly carry out structural building inspections for strata properties where there are structural elements of the building found to be not safe. Whether it is the balconies, balustrades or cracking due to penetration of water into the walls and foundation, consulting engineers provide building inspections of the property and make the appropriate assessment and provide dilapidation reports followed by proposals for preventive measures.